Professor Steven Belmain
+44 (0)1634 88 3761
Professor Steven Belmain completed his BA at the University of Vermont in 1990 before joining the Peace Corps and living in Mali, where his scientific interests became irreversibly entwined with overseas development. He then obtained an MSc and PhD at Birkbeck College, University of London.
Since joining NRI in 1998, Professor Belmain has become one of the leading international scientists researching the ecology of rodents as pests in agriculture and as disease vectors, with research activities across Asia and Africa aimed at helping rural and urban communities to overcome their pest problems. His research has been crucial in understanding the transmission risks of zoonoses as well as understanding the fundamental drivers of rodent population outbreaks. Professor Belmain also carries out research on the chemical ecology and behaviour of insects, and optimising the indigenous use of pesticidal plants.
As a principal investigator, Professor Belmain has travelled extensively across the world working on collaborative projects with counterparts in China, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, Ghana, Mali, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, Swaziland, Madagascar, Malawi, Uganda, Ethiopia, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, France and Australia. Professor Belmain has led many large multi-national and multi-disciplinary research projects with funding won from a wide range of donors including the UK's Department for International Development, the European Commission RTD Framework and EuropeAid EDF programmes, The African Union, UNDP, WHO, and the McKnight Foundation. Dr Belmain's collaborations across entomology, small mammal ecology, and eco-epidemiology of zoonoses have led to a number of scientific publications, with an overall H-index of 21 and i-10 index of 42 https://scholar.google.co.uk/citations?hl=en&user=oG0Mo78AAAAJ&view_op=list_works&sortby=pubdate
Links to publications can be found via http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Steven_Belmain/
Professor Belmain has given more than 30 presentations at scientific conferences, including several invited plenary and keynote addresses, and has led the organisation of several international conferences and workshops such as the International Conference on Rodent Biology and Management, the African Small Mammal Symposium, the International Conference on Pesticidal Plants, Impacts of Rodent Outbreaks on Food Security in Asia, and Rats and Human Health in Africa.
Professor Belmain's research has attracted much media interest including articles on BBC Radio 4 Natural Histories series, BBC Earth News, BBC News Magazine, and the BBC World Service's Science in Action and In The Field series. Popular articles on his work can be found The Guardian and The Conversation. His efforts to raise awareness about rodents with the wider public are most notable in a 45-minute nature documentary commissioned for the Discovery Channel, Swarmchasers: Rats! More recently he has appeared on ITV's Tonight news programme, The Rise of the Super Rats He has also produced videos that aim to help raise awareness and train farmers on more sustainable rodent pest management available in different languages.
Professor Belmain's entomology interests are mainly focused on the chemical ecology and behaviour of insects, such as host orientation behaviour and optimising the use of plants with insecticidal properties. See www.agriculturalecosystems.org projects.nri.org/options and projects.nri.org/adappt for details about projects in Africa that aim to improve the way farmers use local plants for pest control. The use of plants for medicines and pest management has a long tradition and can be a cheap way for farmers to improve their yields. However, the production of bioactive chemicals in plants varies with climate and location and some popular wild plants can suffer from over-collection. His research aims to increase knowledge on the best ways of using pesticidal plants in order to help African farmers whilst ensuring the supply of high quality natural products.
Professor Belmain has been involved in research on pollination biology and in a project that has aimed to improve the pollination of cocoa flowers to improve yields. See www.cocoapop.eu for more details about this project based in Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago. The project has shown that improving pod set and quality through better pollination can increase farmer incomes without the need to expand cocoa plantations into virgin forest.
With rodents transmitting more than 60 diseases to people and domestic animals, damaging food production systems and exacerbating sanitation problems, few would argue that society's rat problems have been solved. But overcoming the challenges posed by rodents to our livelihoods is possible. A new paradigm of research, ecologically-based rodent management, is gaining momentum. Improving rodent management in the developing world could be one of the most important interventions of the 21st century to reduce poverty and improve people's livelihoods across the Tropics. See https://ecorodman.nri.org/, projects.nri.org/stoprats, projects.nri.org/ecorat, projects.nri.org/bandicoot and www.nri.org/ratzooman for examples of research projects that he has led about the agricultural and disease problems rodents cause.
Natural Pest Regulation on Orphan Crop Legumes in Africa: NaPROCLA
This project is funded by the Global Research Challenge Fund of the UKRI. The project brings together partners from the UK, Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi, namely Egerton University, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology and Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Natural pest regulation provided by wild invertebrates in agriculture is dependent on flowering plants in field margins because these plants provide food as nectar or pollen or alternative insect hosts. There is surprisingly little information on the role of natural enemies in controlling pests on orphan legume species. This project aims to research how the diversity of beneficial insects for orphan crop legumes in East Africa (beans, cowpea, pigeon pea and lablab) is influenced by different management strategies (natural and biodiverse field margins, or engineered with key plant taxa). By manipulating field margins and implementing field trials of single and combined pest management strategies, the project aims to build an evidence base for optimisation of natural pest regulation services. The project team will evaluate how they can integrate with other pest management approaches including host plant resistance and application of botanical insecticides.
Ecologically Based Rodent Management for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in Africa: EcoRodMan
This project is funded by the African Union from 2018 to 2021. The project brings together partners from the UK, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland, namely: Sokoine University of Agriculture, Busitema University, Mekelle University, University of Namibia, University of Venda, Agricultural Research Council – Plant Protection Research Institute and University of Swaziland. Research is focussed on optimising the use of ecosystem services to regulate invasive rodent pest species and to develop agro-ecologically sustainable methods of rodent control that enable agricultural intensification without harming the environment. The research team is looking to evaluate the role of small carnivores in rodent management and develop new innovations in the use of fertility control to stop population outbreaks of rodents.
Farmer research networks to evaluate sustainable agro-ecological crop protection using pesticidal plants: FRN4PP
This project is funded by the McKnight Foundation, an independent private philanthropic charity established by the McKnight family in the United States to improve the quality of life for present and future generations. See: www.mcknight.org
The project involves partners at the Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology in Tanzania, the Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources in Malawi, and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK with Professor Belmain from the Natural Resources Institute acting as lead principal investigator. This project (2017–2020) builds on a previous eight years of funding provided by McKnight, providing the continuity to address complex issues related to improving access to high quality ecosystem services for pest management in legume production. Legumes (cowpea, beans, pigeon pea) are the most nutritionally important staple commodity in Africa because they are rich in protein and micronutrients such as iron and zinc, with many essential vitamins found in the leaves and fresh pods. Because animal sources of protein are relatively expensive, beans are especially important for poor households and have an important role in childhood nutrition and development, and household food security. The project ultimately aims to ensure safe pesticidal plant products that can help develop value chains for local pest management resources.
Optimisation of Pesticidal-plants: Technology Innovation, Outreach & Networks: OPTIONs.
This project was funded by the European Development Fund ACP S&T programme. This EU programme had the aim to improve the capacity of science, technology and innovation across the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Region. The OPTIONs project was led by the Natural Resources Institute, with Dr Belmain as co-principal investigator, and involved partners from the UK, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zimbabwe, namely: the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew; the World Agroforestry Centre; the University of Zimbabwe; Mzuzu University; Sokoine University of Agriculture; Sustainable Global Gardens; and the National Museums of Kenya. This multidisciplinary team aimed to promote and facilitate the uptake of innovative technologies for improved food security based on pesticidal plants that can be effectively deployed within the context of local needs and resources. The project directly follows on from another European-funded project, the African Dryland Alliance for Pesticidal Plant Technologies: ADAPPT. More about this project can found at projects.nri.org/adappt
Sustainable Technology to Overcome Pest Rodents in Africa Through Science: StopRats.
This project was funded by the European Development Fund ACP S&T programme. The StopRats project was led by the Natural Resources Institute, with Professor Belmain as principal investigator, and involves partners from the UK, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Sierra Leone and Madagascar, namely the University of Namibia; the University of Swaziland; the University of Venda; Sokoine University of Agriculture; the Plant Protection Research Institute – Agricultural Research Council; Concern Worldwide; and the Association Vahatra. This multidisciplinary team aimed to strengthen science, technology and innovation about rodent biology and management and contribute to African sustainable development by enabling institutions to address key indicators of poverty through the impacts of rodents on agricultural production systems and food security. This project expanded upon previous European funding in the EcoRat project, more about this project can be found at projects.nri.org/ecorat
Cocoa Pollination for Optimised Production: CocoaPOP
This project was funded by the European Union's Caribbean and Pacific Research Programme for Sustainable Development (2012–15). Involving partners in Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago, the project aimed to investigate ways to improve the pollination of cocoa. As global demand for chocolate increases, farmers try to meet this by expanding their cocoa plantations, often converting natural forest. Despite the commercial nature of cocoa production, very little is actually known about its pollination and the pollinating insects found in different regions. Unlike most crops, cocoa is not pollinated by bees, and instead relies on small flies, called midges.
Rodent outbreak management to improve livelihoods of African farmers
This project was funded by the Agricultural Technology Transfer programme, AgriTT www.agritt.org, with funding from the UK Department for International Development. The project was led by Professor Belmain and involved partners at the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China and the Pest Management Centre, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania. The main aim of the project was to evaluate the prospect of Chinese fertility control technology to control rodent populations using fertility control hormones within an African context. Population outbreaks occur both in China and Africa, but the rodent species are different as are the general ecological, social and economic conditions. Chinese researchers have shown their fertility control baits work against a number of species in Chinese grassland habitats prone to population outbreaks; hence, there is good reason to hypothesize that the main grassland savannah rodent species found in Africa should be similarly susceptible. However, susceptibilities vary and efficacy in an African context must be evaluated, not only to ensure it works, but that it is safe for the environment, cost-effective, socially accepted and able to improve livelihoods by preventing severe agricultural losses.
- Stevenson, P.C. et al. (2018) Novel agmatine derivatives in Maerua edulis with bioactivity against Callosobruchus maculatus, a cosmopolitan storage insect pest. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9:1506. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01506
- Tembo, Y. et al. (2018) Pesticidal Plant Extracts Improve Yield and Reduce Insect Pests on Legume Crops without Harming Beneficial Arthropods. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9:1425. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01425
- Mlyashimbi, E.C.M., et al. (2018) Relationships between seasonal changes in diet of multimammate rat (Mastomys natalensis) and its breeding patterns in semi-arid areas in Tanzania. Cogent Food and Agriculture. 4:1507509. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2018.1507509
- Williams, S.T., et al. (2018). Camera trap and questionnaire dataset on ecosystem services provided by small carnivores in agro-ecosystems in South Africa. Data in Brief. 18:753-759. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.03.071
- Williams, S., et al. (2018) Predation by small mammalian carnivores in rural agro-ecosystems: An undervalued ecosystem service? Ecosystem Services. 30(c):362-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.12.006
- Massawe, A.W., et al. (2018) Effect of synthetic hormones on reproduction in Mastomys natalensis. Journal of Pest Science. 91(1):157-168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-017-0894-4
- Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2018) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 254: online first. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013
- Krijger, Inge M., Belmain, Steven R., Singleton, Grant R., Groot Koerkamp, Peter W. G. and Meerburg, Bastiaan G. (2017) The need to implement the landscape of fear within rodent pest management strategies. Pest Management Science. 73(12): 2397-2402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.4626
- Stevenson, Philip C., Isman, Murray B. and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Pesticidal plants in Africa: a global vision of new biological control products from local uses. Industrial Crops and Products. 110: 2-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.034
- Kamanula, John F., Belmain, Steven R., Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Goyder, David J., Mvumi, Brighton M., Masumbu, Friday F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Industrial Crops and Products. 110: 75-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.036
- Mkindi, Angela, Mpumi, Nelson, Tembo, Yolice, Stevenson, Philip C., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Mtei, Kelvin, Machunda, Revocatus and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Invasive weeds with pesticidal properties as potential new crops. Industrial Crops and Products. 110: 113-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.002
- Green, Paul W. C., Belmain, Steven R., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Insecticidal activity in Tithonia diversifolia and Vernonia amygdalina. Industrial Crops and Products. 110: 15-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.021
- Swanepoel, Lourens H., Swanepoel, Corrie M., Brown, Peter R., Eiseb, Seth J., Goodman, Steven M., Keith, Mark, Kirsten, Frikkie, Leirs, Herwig, Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Makundi, Rhodes H., Malebane, Phanuel, von Maltitz, Emil F., Massawe, Apia W., Monadjem, Ara, Mulungu, Loth S., Singleton, Grant R., Taylor, Peter J., Soarimalala, Voahangy and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) A systematic review of rodent pest research in Afro-Malagasy small-holder farming systems: Are we asking the right questions? PLoS ONE, 12 (3):e0174554. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174554
- Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Monadjem, Ara, McCleery, Robert and Belmain, Steven R (2017) Domestic cats and dogs create a landscape of fear for pest rodents around rural homesteads. PLoS ONE, 12 (2):e0171593. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171593
- Labuschagne, L., Swanepoel, L.H., Taylor, P.J., Belmain, S.R. and Keith, M. (2016). Are avian predators effective biological control agents for rodent pest management in agricultural systems? Biological Control. 101: 94-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.07.003
- Stevenson, P. C. and Belmain, S. R. (2016). Pesticidal plants in African agriculture: Local uses and global perspectives. Outlooks on Pest Management. 27(5): 226-230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1564/v27_oct_10
- Labuschagne, L., Swanepoel, L.H., Taylor, P.J., Belmain, S.R. and Keith, M. (2016). Are avian predators effective biological control agents for rodent pest management in agricultural systems? Biological Control. 101: 94-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.07.003
- Arnold, S. E. J., Stevenson, P. C., and Belmain, S. R. (2016). Shades of yellow: interactive effects of visual and odour cues in a pest beetle. PeerJ. 4:e2219 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2219
- Mulungu, L. S., Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M. E., Katakweba, A. S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F. P., Mchomvu, M., Massawe, A. W., Monadjem, A., Kilonzo, B., and Belmain, S. R. (2016). Survival and recruitment of the multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis (Smith 1834), in a rice agro-ecosystem. Mammalia. 80(2): 205–210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0150
- Stevenson, P.C., Green, P.W., Veitch, N.C., Farell, I., Kusolwa, P. and Belmain, S.R. (2016). Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry. 123: 25-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008
- Mgode, G., Machang'u, R.S., Mhamphi, G.G., Katakweba, A., Mulungu, L., Durnez, L., Leirs, H., Hartskeerl, R.A. and Belmain, S.R. (2015). Leptospira serovars for diagnosis of leptospirosis in humans and animals in Africa: Common leptospira isolates and reservoir hosts. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 9(12): e0004251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0004251
- Mkenda, P., Mwanauta, R., Stevenson, P.C., Ndakidemi, P., Mtei, K. and Belmain, S.R. (2015). Extracts from field margin weeds provide economically viable and environmentally benign pest control compared to synthetic pesticides. PLoS ONE. 10(11): e0143530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143530
- Mkenda, P.A. Stevenson, P.C. Ndakidemi, P., Farman, D.I. and Belmain, S.R. (2015) Contact and fumigant toxicity of five pesticidal plants against Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 35(4): 172-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S174275841500017X
- Arnold, S. E. J., Stevenson, P. C., and Belmain, S. R. (2015). Responses to colour and host odour cues in three cereal pest species, in the context of ecology and control. Bulletin of Entomological Research 105(4): 417-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485315000346
- Belmain, S. R., Htwe, N. M., Kamal, N. Q., and Singleton, G. R. (2015). Estimating rodent losses to stored rice as a means to assess efficacy of rodent management. Wildlife Research 42(2): 132-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR14189
- Mulungu, L. S., Sixbert, V., Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M., Katakweba, A. S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F. P., Mchomvu, M., Kilonzo, B. S. and Belmain, S. R. (2015). Spatio-temporal patterns in the distribution of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in rice crop and fallow land habitats in Tanzania. Mammalia 79(2): 177–184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0006
- Mulungu, L. S., Lagwen, P. P., Mdangi, M. E., Kilonzo, B. S., and Belmain, S. R. (2014). Impact of spatio-temporal simulations of rat damage on yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and implications for rodent pest management. International Journal of Pest Management 60: 269–274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2014.967326
- Stevenson, P. C., Arnold, S. E. J., and Belmain, S. R. (2014). Pesticidal Plants for Stored Product Pests on Small-holder Farms in Africa. In ‘Advances in Plant Biopesticides’. (Ed D. Singh.) pp. 149–172. (Springer India: New Delhi). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9
- Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Belmain, S.R., Wilson, K. (2014) Improving food security in Africa: A new approach using indigenous ecological resources for pest control. Food Security. 6(1): 71-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5
- Arnold S.E.J., Peralta Idrovo, M.E., Lomas Arias, L.J., Belmain, S.R. and Stevenson, P.C. (2014) Herbivore defence compounds occur in pollen and reduce bumblebee colony fitness. Journal of Chemical Ecology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10886-014-0467-4
- Mulungu, L.S., Sixbert, V., Ngowo, V, Mdangi, M, Katakweba, A.S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F.P. Mchomvu, M., Kilonzo B.S. and Belmain S.R. (2014) Spatio-temporal patterns in the distribution of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in rice crop and fallow land habitats in Tanzania. Mammalia. http://www.degruyter.com/printahead/j/mamm
- Sola, P. Mvumi, B. M., Belmain, S.R., Ogendo, J. O., Mponda, O., Kamanula, J.F., Nyirenda, S. P. and Stevenson, P.C., (2014) Botanical pesticide production, trade and regulatory mechanisms in sub-Saharan Africa: making a case for plant-based pesticidal products. Food Security. 6(3): 369-384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12571-014-0343-7
- Jancloes, M.F., Bertherat, E., Scheider, C., Belmain, S.R., Munoz-Zanzi, C., Hartskeerl, R., Costa, F., Denis, J. and Benschop, J. (2014) Towards a “One Health” Strategy Against Leptospirosis. Planet@Risk. 2(3): 204-206. http://planet-risk.org/index.php/pr/article/view/94
- Mulungu, L.S., Mlyashimbi, E.C.M, Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M., Katakweba, A.S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F.P. Mchomvu, M., Kilonzo B.S. and Belmain S.R. (2014) Food preferences of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in irrigated rice habitats in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management. 60(1): 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2013.871759
- Madzimure, J., Nyahangare, E.T., Hamudikuwanda, H., Hove, T., Belmain, S.R. Stevenson, P.C. and Mvumi, B.M. (2013) Efficacy of Strychnos spinosa (Lam.) and Solanum incanum L. aqueous fruit extracts against cattle ticks. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 45(6): 1341-1347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0367-6
- Belmain, S.R., Haggar, J., Holt, J. and Stevenson, P.C. (2013). Managing legume pests in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects for improving food security and nutrition through agro-ecological intensification. Chatham Maritime (United Kingdom): Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich. 34p. http://projects.nri.org/adappt/docs/Managing_legume_pests_in_subSaharan_Africa.pdf
- Mdangi, M., Mulungu, L.S., Massawe, A.W., Eiseb, S., Tutjavi, V., Kirsten, F., Mahlaba, T., Malebane, P., Maltitz, E.V., Monadjem, A., Dlamini, N., Makundi, R.H. and Belmain S.R. (2013) Assessment of rodent damage to stored maize (Zea mays L.) on smallholder farms in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management. 59(1): 55-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2012.744495
- Arnold, S.E.J, Stevenson, P.C. and Belmain, S.R. (2012) Odour-mediated orientation of beetles is influenced by age, sex and morph. PLoS ONE. 7(11): e49071. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049071
- Belmain, S.R., Amoah, B.A., Nyirenda, S.P., Kamanula, J.F. and Stevenson, P.C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 60(40): 10055–10063. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf3032217
- Katakweba, A.A.S., Mulungu, L.S., Eiseb, S.J., Mahlaba, T.A., Makundi, R.H., Massawe, A.W., Borremans, B. and Steven R. Belmain (2012). Prevalence of haemoparasites, leptospires and cocobacilli with potential for human infection in the blood of rodents and shrews from selected localities in Tanzania, Namibia and Swaziland. African Zoology. 47(1): 119-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.3377/004.047.0112
- Stevenson, P.C., Kite, G.C., Lewis, G.P., Forest, F., Nyirenda, S.P., Belmain, S.R., Sileshi, G.W. and Veitch, N.C. (2012) Distinct chemotypes of Tephrosia vogelii and implications for their use in pest control and soil enrichment. Phytochemistry. 78: 135-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.02.025
- Taylor, P.J., Downs, S., Monadjem, A, Eiseb, S.J., Mulungu, L.S., Massawe, A.W., Mahlaba, T.A., Kirsten, F., Maltitz von, E., Malebane, P., Makundi, R.H., Lamb, J and Belmain, S.R. (2012) Experimental treatment-control studies of ecologically based rodent management in Africa: balancing conservation and pest management. Wildlife Research. 39(1): 51-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR11111
- Nyahangare, E.T., Hove, T., Mvumi, B.M., Hamudikuwanda, H., Belmain, S.R., Madzimure, J. and Stevenson, P.C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 6 (13): 2674-2680. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/JMPR11.1767
- Massawe, A.W, Mulungu, L.S, Makundi, R.H, Dlamini, N., Eiseb. S., Kirsten, F., Mahlaba, T., Malebane, P., Maltitz, E. von, , Monadjem. A., Taylor, P., Tutjavi, V., and Steven R. Belmain. (2011) Spatial and temporal population dynamics of rodents in three geographically different regions: Implications for ecologically- based rodent management. African Zoology. 46(2): 393–405. http://dx.doi.org/10.3377/004.046.0219
- Mulungu, L.S., Mahlaba, T., Massawe, A., Kennis, J., Crauwels, D., Eiseb, E., Monadjem, A., Makundi, R. Katakweba, A. Leirs, H. and Steven Belmain (2011) Dietary differences of the multimammate mouse (Mastomys natalensis, Smith 1832) across different habitats and seasons in Tanzania and Swaziland. Wildlife Research. 38(7): 640–646. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR11028
- Bastos, A.D.S., Nair, D., Taylor, P.J., Brettschneider, H., Kirsten, F., Mostert, E., Maltitz, von, E., Lamb, J.M., Hooft, van P., Belmain, S.R., Contrafatto, G., Downs, S. and Chimimba, C.T.. (2011) Genetic monitoring detects an overlooked cryptic species and reveals the diversity and distribution of three invasive Rattus congeners in South Africa. BMC Genetics. 12:26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2156-12-26
- Kamanula J., Sileshi, G.W., Belmain, S.R., Sola, P., Mvumi, B.M., Nyirenda, G.K.C., Nyirenda, S.P.N. & Stevenson, P.C. (2011) Farmers' Insect Pest management practices and pesticidal plant use for protection of stored maize and beans in Southern Africa. International Journal of Pest Management. 57(1): 41-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2010.522264
- Singleton, G.R. Belmain, S.R. and Brown, P.R. (eds.) (2010) Rodent Outbreaks: Ecology and Impacts. International Rice Research Institute Press, Los Banos, Philippines. 289 pages. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=yaI0NFQb36UC&lpg=PP1&dq=rodent%20outbreaks&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false
- Singleton, G.R. Belmain, S.R., Brown, P.R., Aplin, K. and Htwe, N.M. (2010) Impacts of rodent outbreaks on food security in Asia. Wildlife Research. 37:355-359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR10084
- Fellow, Royal Entomological Society (FRES)
- Fellow, Higher Education Academy (FHEA)
- Member of the British Ecological Society
- Committee member of the World Health Organisation's Global Leptospirosis Environmental Action Network
- Coordinating member of the International Society of Zoological Sciences
- Associate Editor, Wildlife Research
- Editorial Board, Biopesticides International
- Executive Committee Secretary for the International Conference on Rodent Biology and Management
- International Committee for the African Small Mammal Symposium